Department of Education

Revisiting DepEd TV

OH BOY, the country’s public school system begins its school year this Monday (September 13); it will be another school year without face-to-face interaction as COVID-19 continues to spread violently with various variants while our vaccination efforts lag. (The rest of the world is resuming face-to-face instructions with minimum health and safety protocols in place save Venezuela and us.)

Last year, parents and teachers were concerned about their children’s ability to continue their education in the face of the pandemic, as Department of Education Secretary Leonor Briones desired. Furthermore, due to the President’s premeditated and petty motive, access to the most popular educational TV channel in the country was lost or limited because the company that made that channel lost its broadcast franchise.

At last, a solution was found; DepEd TV was born. 

In this blog post, we will revisit the state-sanctioned distance learning program: What went right? What went wrong? Are there any localized options?


Timow’s Turf Midyear Report 2021

[Updated October 22, 2021]

ONE YEAR AGO today, the House of Representatives triggered a mercy shot on Mother Ignacia, completing the President’s premeditated plot that was four years in the making. The repercussions triggered around the national TV industry amidst the global pandemic. 

For GMA Network, it’s given them inevitable crowning glory and a free pass.

For TV5, it triggered the execution of the revival of local entertainment after four years.

For CNN Philippines, it signaled a pivotal moment for aiming for serious, in-depth news and current affairs.

For the state-owned and controlled media entities (PTV and IBC), an urge to change their paradigms and compete with them. 

But did it work out well?

We are now past the midpoint of 2021 — the first full year without the trailblazer, a time to restore from the effects of the pandemic and a resolution to adapt to better normal and reformation of their respective image. 

For the TV industry, is there life after Mother Ignacia? If so, how would we rate them?


The Amazing Radio Frequency Race: 4 Rising Networks Eye for the Big Prize

[Requested by Stephen Mark Davether Perez]

RACE YOU TO EAST TRIANGLE. The National Telecommunications Commission (headquarters pictured) has opened up the part of the frequency spectrum that ABS-CBN once held as the now-fallen media giant lost its franchise renewal nod from Congress and any possible legal remedies. Everyone’s speculating who will succeed in owning a part of the biggest prize.

LAST SEPTEMBER 10, the National Telecommunications Commission recalled all frequencies on radio and television owned by ABS-CBN after Congress rejected their franchise renewal exactly two months before.

The eight-page order revoked all television and both radio frequencies owned by the once media giant.

Eliseo Rio Jr., the former Department of Information Communications and Technology (DICT) undersecretary, remarked that this is the first time the regulatory agency has ever done so; hence, no precedent.

This consequence from the ongoing saga of the demise in Mother Ignacia has incited radio enthusiasts and speculators to bet on who will walk off with the precious prize. As of this publication, six to seven entities are applying who will be the new holders of either a part of the frequencies or the whole thing but they are not publicly disclosed.

Rio said that the process of application up to the awarding will take up roughly a year and its procedures will be determined by the said authority.

While it is expensive to apply, own and operate TV frequencies, radio, therefore, is an easy target. Nevertheless, the prospective candidates can be the government itself through the Philippine Broadcasting Service for their expansion (or the Department of Education for the permanent home for DepEd Radio), another big private entity (particularly by a rich, close friend of the incumbent President), influential religious groups that lacked its FM counterparts (e.g. the Sonshine Radio of Quiboloy) or the private networks who just want to be promoted to the mainstream band.

The very last option will be the focus of this post, even though this choice will be unlikely to make it due to the prevailing weights of politicking with the loopholes not yet sealed.

Anyway, what will be the opportunities and the outcomes of each prospective private entities when they acquire the highly-coveted intangible asset? For the sake of simplicity, we will use Metro Manila’s 101.9 MHz and 630 kHz.


Meet the Speculative Applicants


Bombo Radyo Philippines

This radio network, owned by Dr. Rogelio M. Florete (who also owns Queenbank and his namesake pawnshop in Iloilo), is unsurprisingly well-known for banging of the bass drum during their newscasts.

Although there is 102.7 Star FM (DWSM-FM, the adjacent neighbor of the now-vacant frequency), there is no AM counterpart to complement despite having the national NewsCenter in Makati. Therefore, taking 630 kHz will satisfy and complete the set.

Call sign change probability: 50% (Obvious clue: Just change the suffix -FM to -AM.)


Brigada Mass Media Corporation

Brigada Mass Media Corporation is founded and governed by Elmer Catulpos in 2005 and is based in General Santos City. The revenue generation model is distinct from other commercial stations; their revenue comes from the sales of their Healthline products than relying on third-party advertisements.

Their Metro Manila station (DWEY-FM) is currently on 104.7 MHz — sitting between 104.3 Capital FM2 and Q 105.1 (the former Crossover). While their National Broadcast Center is indeed in the metropolis, the current transmitter is situated down south in Batangas.

Before this deliberate fallout, speculators wished that this station would be given to DWLA-FM 105.9 as a result of their inability to click any fanbase that ended up with four (or five) rebrandings-cum-reformats within the last decade. In 2018, the franchise of its legal owner, Bright Star Broadcasting Network, was renewed.

If they’re lucky this time to grab 101.9 MHz, then the news FM monopoly that Radyo5 92.3 enjoys for nearly a decade now will come to an end. (Kabahan ka na, Manong Ted and DJ Chacha!)

Call sign change probability: 100% (Do we need to know the call sign?)


Halo-Halo Radio

Created by Viva Entertainment in 2014 as Oomph! Radio, this radio network serves pure OPM. As of this publication, they have radio stations in Cebu City, Davao City and Zamboanga City.

Having their own Manila counterpart would mean breaking away from 95.5 Pinas FM (DWDM-FM), the de facto Metro equivalent but de jure owned by Eagle Broadcasting Corporation (the media entity owned and under the influence of Iglesia ni Cristo).

Kapamilya artists who are also Viva talents might be heard again but then, some listeners of this prospective radio network are concerned about the priority just like the frequency’s previous occupant.

Call sign change probability: 40% (If Boss Vic sees nothing wrong to preserve the call sign of the last owner, then why bother?)


Radyo Bandera

Founded in 2015, this Palawan-based media entity (headed by Elgin Damasco) will be another competitor of Brigada in vying for the second news FM station in the nation’s prime metropolis. One concern is the use of the frequency in defending one local politician while vilifying another (similar to our fellow media blogger from his hometown of Iligan City); but because this market area is essentially nature of centralization, it may not happen.

Call sign change probability: 50% (Let’s wait and hear from him.)

Did I miss anything out? Do you want to share your insights on who will take the revoked radio frequencies in your media market? Leave a comment below.

May the odds be ever in your favor.

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Photos courtesy of / Wikimedia Commons / Facebook pages of Brigada News FM National, Halo Halo Radio and Radyo Bandera Philippines

State of the Philippine Television Address 2020

[Requested by Zyle]

[AUTHOR’S NOTE: This post is intended for the effects of the events in this year to date.]


This new decade is supposed to mark the optimism of waves of the future but instead, we enter waves of the pandemic.

Noong nagsimula ang taon at ang dekada nito, ang outlook natin ay naka-focus sa uncertainty sa pagkawala ng isang malaking media conglomerate nang dahil sa marupok na ego ng isang makapangyarihang tao.

Well, nangyari na or in one police report turned into a meme, “WALA NA, FINISH NA.”

Yumanig na at nagbago ang landscape ng pambansang telebisyon.

Ladies and gentlemen, we are now in the post-Mother Ignacia era. Kung may “new normal” dahil sa pandemya, ganun din sa nasabing industriya.

Pagkatapos ng ilang dekada ng digmaan ng mga numero sa South Triangle, natigil na ang putukan, este, ang pag-crunch ng data sa Kantar and Nielsen. Sa entertainment section ng mga pahayagan at online websites ay nakapahinga din sa wakas.

The era of a three-legged stool analogy — showing their strong suits in their particular genre — is now archaic.


The Obstructionist Institutions to Innovation

The National Telecommunications Commission, who ordered the shutdown of ABS-CBN under the undue influence from Solicitor General Jose Calida, has yet to learn the lessons not just from the flaws of what the Lopezes did but from the Tiengs’ 11 months prior regarding the exclusivity of their own channels. Hanggang ngayon, hindi pala gumawa ng IRR o final stance tungkol sa conditional access systems (CAS).

Little did they know, the one-two punch decision creates a dilemma of whether their target date of the analog switch-off in 2023 will proceed as planned or will it be pushed back. Pero, wag kalimutan na we are the last countries in Southeast Asia to do so.

For some, you would say: “Anong punto nito kung meron namang Netflix, iflix, iWant, etc?”

While many will call you for being a “privileged” person, I cannot blame you for getting the point.

That being said, I believe that from those 12 prolonged, premeditated hearings a nd their unsurprised “cooking show” outcome plus a post-vote plan of action by the “Gang of Four” to continue their humiliation by property takeover in a Zoom meeting that was caught on the record has realized that the 18th Congress is an impediment for broadcasting innovation.

Their collective analog mindset — and the deliberate singling out — has proven to us na hindi talaga tayo handa for dissemination about digital terrestrial television. Sa palagay natin, hindi ito dadalhin ang mga isyu na nito sa mga budget interpellations against the Department of Information and Communications Technology for 2021.


Hesitant VHF Survivors

Hindi madali ang sumusunod sa yapak ng Dos. Habang natuto tayo sa kanilang pinakamahusay na kasanayan, wag sanang kalimutan ang leksyon mula sa kanilang mga pagkakamali.

It’s not easy to step into Channel 2’s shoes; while we learn from the best practices, we should also learn the errors of their ways.

Marami ang pagkukulang sa mga dating kalaban pero matigas pa rin ang ulo, even if we remove the major factor of this pandemic.

Sa dating karibal sa Kamuning, sila na ang may korona at advertising money bilang dominant media conglomerate pero hanggang ngayon, ang diskarte ng pananalapi at operasyon nila ay konserbatibo. In other words, they’re just complacent or playing safe until they wait for Mother Ignacia to fall to its knees.

When teleserye filming resumes with safety measures, who would benefit under the current state of the industry? Hindi po ba sila.

Noong Hunyo 26, pormal nang nag-launch ang kanilang Affordabox habang itinigil na ang pagbenta ng TV Plus na nakapagbenta ng 9 million units sa limang taon. Ang expectation ng GMA New Media nila ay 600,000 units ang ibebenta — pero dahil sa positibong reviews at dahil sa bagong features, baka sa katapusan ng taon o dalawa, aabot ng 6 million — putting a zero right after the initial figure.

It would have been better if they had launched when they got their franchise renewed three years ago. Moreso, they should have gone up the ante by establishing a full-time sports division — separate but equal status as to their respected News and Public Affairs. Yun nga lang, hindi pwede maging full-time si Chino Trinidad kasi kailangan din siyang mag-operate at mag-manage sa Pilipinas HD. If I were Kenneth Duremdes, the commissioner of MPBL, I would rule out this network as the new home for the league.

They may have been turned 70 this year (59 if on TV) but still the working axiom remains: “Once they played safe, they’ll always play safe.”

On the other hand, to the rescue si Manny V. Pangilinan para sa mga displaced talents to TV5. Let’s face it, his network is a member of KBP just like Dos was.

It sounds promising, had not for the perennial internal organizational drawbacks. Unlike GMA and its sturdy yet so stubborn pillars, the turnover in their organization chart happens more often.

Their local entertainment division, effectively dissolved in 2016, will be restored pero as one die-hard fan of Channel 5 would advise that they should hire technical crew first (e.g. electronic communications engineers, 1st class radio telephone operators) before writers.

Noong Enero, they had the honor of covering the 24th Asian Television Awards for the first time in the country as host and when he got the Award for Outstanding Contribution to Asian Television, napuno ng puntirya sa comments section ng Facebook na wala namang kinalaman sa TV o kaya’y walang ginawa ng tama sa Singko.

Now that the chapter is sealed, the mindset sa pagiging non-revenue driver ang Channel 5 must come to an end, whether he likes it or not. Kamakailan lang po, sila na ang official broadcaster ng NBA at ONE Championship.

Yun nga lang, expect grumbling of certain factions of the existing solid Kapatid: those who wanted AniMEGA to return, those who wanted the PBA to resume, those who are tuning to Idol Raffy Tulfo and two fans who want The Amazing Race Philippines to have a third season.

I believe they will do better and learn from that after that scrounging criticisms. Boss MVP, the whole Philippine TV community is now rooting for you.

Last but not the least, aminado ni Krizette Laureta Chu (isa sa mga constructive supporters ng administrasyon) na mahusay ang mga writers ng Dos na pwedeng maisalba ang PTV mula sa pagiging propaganda machine ng Palasyo for almost half a century. Ito ang dapat na ginawa noong unang SONA niya para maging editorially independent at impartial. Pagkatapos ng apat na taon sa Kwatro, na-improve po ba ang overall image ng PTV o the same pa rin?

No wonder, Mr. Jules Guiang snapped out and expose the double standards on the government channel he was working on. He unravelled the truth on the broken system-cum-real company culture in Vasra that ran nearly half a century. Mr. Guiang, your honesty and bravery has inspired us.

If PTV deserved this kind of audacity, then don’t get me started on IBC 13.


Educational TV

Ang kasalukuyang pandemya’y apektado ang edukasyon. With the school year starting in our country by the near end of this month, blended learning will be the mode of public instruction, according to the Department of Education, so that no learners are left behind. However, the survey says otherwise: modular learning.

We all know the Knowledge Channel was two decades ahead of its time and they are compliant with the prescribed curriculum. However, some of you have sown to disdain for connecting the dots despite that you have watched them (hypocritically) at least once during your childhood days. Few of you were taught to despise because of your implanted brand hatred since birth.

Well, then, last June, I published about the prospects of IBC 13 into a full-time educational channel — from what PCOO Secretary Martin Andanar initially proposed — if the promised privatization of that channel fails to speed up.

The pace of my post was set for a year but we are rushing in a couple of weeks until classes begin. We are not certain if their endeavor will be successful considering the failing infrastructure and financial standing of the tail-end of the VHF spectrum.

Noong Hunyo, pagkatapos ng 28 taon, nagpaalam na ang El Shaddai sa Trese — it was really a religious programming institution.

While The Manila Times loves to jab at ABS even after the media conglomerate’s “death,” they left out the “real opposite” that is currently running at low-power and neglected, which most of us barely even notice. Since two weeks ago, Hataw Tabloid published an ongoing series by Ms. Rose Novenario calling the management in Capitol Hills (no longer in Old Balara) as “Mega web of corruption” and she is very doubtful if this opportunity will materialize and prosper.

But I digress, the people who benefit from this are those who have that channel on Cignal or your provincial cable. If you have a digital TV box, needless to say, you might not get IBC but instead, you’ll get Solar Learning, which is on the test broadcast.


Eyes on 2021 and Beyond

The frequencies of VHF Channel 2 and UHF 23 in the Metro might be ready for auction to “worthy applicants.”

Sabi ng isang business report ng the Philippine Daily Inquirer, mga 6 hanggang 12 buwan ang kailangan bago maghanap ng bagong may-ari ng frequency.

Dalawang buwan bago natigil ang ere ng Dos at Bente-Tres, nailantad ang expose mula sa isang AM radio commentator (hindi po galing DZMM) na “done deal” ang kapalaran sa Mother Ignacia at ibibigay kung sino sa mga matalik na kaibigan ng nakaupo sa Malacanang.

Kung ibibigay yan, lalo lang iikli ang waiting time like negotiating with a fixer. If that is true, then, well, so much for their “law is law” mantra.

When it’s done, will they have the same audience impact as the former tenant has performed for almost 34 years? The answer is “We do not know. We will all see.” Less than two years may be considered a short time but such amount of time is a pretty big deal to watch out for.

If ABS-CBN finally gets a franchise under the next presidential administration (at least, H2 2022), Mother Ignacia might have to wait until the new holder of the franchise of Channel 2 expires or fold up after suffering losses or voluntarily cede the frequency to its pre-2020 state. That’s a three-way road they will encounter. Picking up the pieces is another story.

As former ANC boss, Jing Magsaysay, best puts out: Content creation is a whole different ball game.

As of this moment, the remaining drama units of Dos are now pitching their products to the former rivals — financially-healthy man o “walking dead.” Whatever the fate might be, best of luck and tuloy po ang pagbabantay.

I am through, thank you. Have a good day.


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Turning IBC-13 Into an Educational TV Channel: Is It Worth It?

[AUTHOR’S WARNING: The following post may hurt the sentiments of the TV network in concern, along with its employees and its loyal viewers. Please, read at your own risk.]


IBC 13’s new headquarters and studios since 2019

PUBLIC INSTRUCTION should have started this week but for this year, it is deferred until August 24.

Until that day, teachers across the nation are currently required to report and to attend necessary seminars on different modes of distance learning when traditional face-to-face instruction is not practical due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Two weeks ago, Presidential Communications Operations Office (PCOO) Secretary Martin Andanar suggested before the House Committees on Basic Education and Culture and on Higher and Technical Education during a virtual hearing that television will serve as another venue of distance learning if the internet signal is weak and/or unreliable.

Hold it! Didn’t we have Knowledge Channel for that?

Yep, but they’re neither on free-to-air at the start nor they are owned by the government. As we all know, the owner of that channel (ABS-CBN) is one of the adversaries of the incumbent Duterte administration. (Stop being in denial and admit it.)

Basically, Andanar intended to emulate that of NHK E-TV of Japan or EBS of South Korea.

To which we beg to Mr. Secretary: Why did you think about it NOW after almost four years?

An educational TV channel in the free-to-air transmission is not a new concept now; hence, we are totally a late adopter.

He mentioned that IBC 13 — the financial and operational antithesis of ABS-CBN — would be used among the two state-owned channels since it is “underutilized.” (Indeed, and a lot of adjectives that we don’t need to further elaborate.)

What if he was a man for this word now that he has two years left?

A very straight-to-the-point question that unravels a more complicated answer.


The Hypothetical Timetable

The ongoing pandemic would be cleared out when a reasonable treatment or a vaccine is available to the public and that would last at least a year. Thus, we have a year left for Martin to fix this mess.

Meanwhile, potential production companies — since the network themselves couldn’t afford to produce more of their own programs due to running losses — have to be oriented on the new policies and to imbibe on the curriculum guides approved by the Department of Education (DepEd).


The Programming Operations

Annual Operation

The operation calendar will be split into two: during the basic education’s school year and outside.

During the School Year (June to March)

The weekday daytime could be dedicated for every core subject from kindergarten to senior high school. Weeknights could be dedicated to specialized subjects for senior high school and adult education programs.

The weekend could be the best time for cultural shows, vocational-technical shows and documentaries. Reinstating Ating Alamin or transfer Mag-Agri Tayo from PTV could take place here.

Outside the School Year (April to May)

During the months where no classes are held, lifelong learning subjects would take place. Foreign educational shows that are on PTV right now would be transferred there.


Daily Operation

The channel would sign on from 6:00 a.m. and sign off at midnight every day, except Holy Week.

In terms of the time slot in the program grid, the show must run at least 30 minutes and continuous (i.e. no splitting into two segments).


Obstructions and Objections

Programming Obstructions

If this “Educational Television Service” (ETS) happened, almost all of current and future programming (now on hold) on the current IBC 13 must end.

In other words, say goodbye to their institutional yet ad nauseam EZ Shop home shopping block and ba-bye for El Shaddai.

SIDE NOTE: Since DBS has not migrated their programs to their Channel 35 and the weekly family appointment in Amvel is not allowed due to community quarantine rules. Bro. Mike Velarde should have learned from Bro. Bo Sanchez by adapting to social media.

SMAC Television Production’s promo of entertainment programs slated this year but are currently on hold (including Yes! Yes! Yow!) would have no choice but to transfer such shows to another channel or to scrap entirely without seeing their own light of day before undergoing to this proposed paradigm shift.

While ASK TV will be moved because it’s a variety show, the PMPC Star Award show Talents Academy might be the only program to carry over to the new venture due to informative content. If the coast is clear, Cooltura would resume and be another carryover show.

For those Batang 90s or to those born after (“by heart”) who want to push for new tokusatsu shows and new animes on that channel: Well, you can just forget about that when this comes around.


Technical Obstructions

In that comprehensive Manila Bulletin story, Sec. Andanar mentioned the “analog transmission” of both state-owned TV networks are below the normal transmitting power to satisfy the reach of the Metro Manila market. According to him, the satisfactory range in that area is from 60 to 100 kilowatts; for IBC, it registered less than 20 kilowatts. Attributed to the outdated tower, upgrading it by one kilowatt would cost at most a million pesos.

Digital TV experts are raising their eyebrows for “not leading by example” as the clock is ticking forward to 2023. Although, there was a silver lining that IBC has done digital TV testing (at least, sporadically) than PTV despite the low video resolution.

The funding to close that gap and to leap forward with better technology will be discussed in a bit.


For Propaganda?

This potential venture raised an alarm for some people that using the channel would be a tool to pursue favorable views of the incumbent president’s agenda akin to the “Wow China” radio program on the radio counterpart, RP1 (738 kHz).

To prevent the situation from happening again, the proposed ETS charter should include an explicit provision of independence from government interference despite maintaining their ownership.


Funding and Revenue Generation

The most important question that everyone should care about: Where will the funds come from?

All of us would easily think that it will come from a portion of the budgets of DepEd, Commission on Higher Education (CHED), and Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA). Often, the aggregate amounts may still be insufficient to cover operating expenses.

Government-owned-and-controlled corporations usually do not allow excessive donations to be received as it might be a source of “bribery” and “corruption.”

This means they need to pass the charter from Congress with explicit provisions to allow room for revenue generation from donations and grants from relatable private foundations, sales from textbooks and learning materials related to the programs, and ads from educational suppliers.


Continuing Operations Post-2022

Once this administration ends on the noon of June 30, 2022, this is the question most of you are thinking: “Would this endeavor continue to operate?”

It’s hard to answer but for sure, it will probably continue to the end of that school year (i.e. March 2023). What comes next might depend on the hands of Andanar’s successor.


Final Answer: Is it Worth It?

That all being said, turning a vegetative TV network into an educational channel will make a profound impact — even though we are decades late for the party.

When this endeavor of a shakeup materializes, the privatization process of the current network, which is currently running in circles for a long time, would finally grind into a halt. It would yield the final verdict that it will never happen, which could make the persistent calls of retirees and employees for payment long-overdue back wages end up in futility.

Last but certainly not least, the worthiness of being a national TV network will be tested.

The answer to one summative question: “Is this venture really risking for?” is now all up to you.


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Photo courtesy of IBC 13 / Radyo Todo

The Filipino Decides 2019: Education System and Federalism



Graduation (formally: commencement exercises) is a moment for students and parent to look to the future. And that future could be our country’s governance.


ANOTHER SCHOOL YEAR will once again pass and graduation (for Grade 6 and 12) or moving up (for Kinder and Grade 10) is at hand.

While the candidates will march in such ceremonies — making their parents proud — we will march relatedly as part of our The Filipino Decides Series, we’ll tackle what would happen to our educational system in the federal Philippines?

Before we answer this complicated question, let’s take a benchmark over our federated friends and find out whose governance is responsible for the education system:

  • In Canada and Australia, the regulation and funding of education maintains as a provincial or state responsibility.
  • In Malaysia, it is a federal (national) responsibility. You could see why their school calendar is fixed and applied throughout the country. Specifically, on school breaks, four states out of 13 begin a day ahead of others due to their definition of a weekend.
  • In the United States, the role is traditionally reserved for state and local governments but since the 1960s, the federal government intervened with their funding and wrestled some aspects that lead to the legitimization of the establishment of its federal department in 1979. However, the states still determine their required number of non-negotiable instructional days, inclement weather make-up days and breaks.

What would be the possible classification for the imminently federalized country? It would be hybrid (cooperative). In other words, the curriculum and licensure testing would be set by the federal government while its funding and degree holding would be the sub-national unit’s responsibility.

The classification of public primary and secondary schools into their concerned regional level is as easy as pie.

The governance of state universities and colleges (SUCs) will do likewise until you realize that one institution runs as a system that scattered across the archipelago: the University of the Philippines (UP).

The UP system contains 8 constituent universities located in 15 campuses around the country with its main deciders (the Board of Trustees) are decided in Diliman, Quezon City. Maybe, the federal government would take care of that as a special treatment.

In terms of government bureaucracy, the national Department of Education (DepEd) might maintain but with a bit lesser powers than currently enjoyed under the unitary regime. Such remaining powers and functions would be transferred to the regional counterparts.

For the tertiary level, the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) could be run by the regions instead of national ones.

All in all, the funding for the backlog and maintenance of facilities and the collegiate courses will be shouldered by regional governments.

In the age of federalization, private schools will still not get funding from government of any level but they will comply with the minimal requirement of school days and other laws. If a private school is run by religious organization or under a non-sectarian educational networks (e.g. PHINMA), good luck with a new challenge that they would face: jurisdiction overlap.

Of course, the responsive action of education of federalism can also address the biggest weaknesses.

CHED Chairperson Prospero de Vera admits that there are two enumerated weaknesses: the viability of the regions and the prevalence of individual ethnic identity over national identity.

What do you think? Do you have any ideas on education reform under the imminent federalization?


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The Current State of Outside Broadcasts

[Requested by Jenine Shiongshu]

AFTER A HARD DAY at work and begin preparing dinner, you turn your TV at 6:00 or 6:30 p.m. (or later due to overtime issues) to watch the early evening news to know what has happened throughout the country.

If you are peculiarly detailed, some major news items employed on-the-spot reports outside the studio to enhance and to update over the focused happenings.

Last Monday’s opening of the new school year (2018-19) was a prime example. Most broadcasters have determined their selected public schools to capture the happenings and given a glimpse of human interests.

Adhering the universal creed of fair and balanced journalism that there must be a supporting or opposite side of the story, they did not forget to cover those from the Department of Education in Ortigas, Pasig City for the Oplan Balik Eskwela’s Action Center during the interchange of that day’s coverage.

Today, all national networks (mainstream and denominationally backed) employ the use of such mobile property and moveable equipment except IBC 13, as they have neither the money to acquire nor the skill and the labor. They had a live phone patch back then but it seemed to be disused and abandoned.

Unlike her sister network, PTV, they rarely use live OB equipments for few occasions (e.g. Palm Sunday for the annual retreat in Meralco Theatre and Traslacion in Manila) while they have the equipment from RTVM to cover the President’s speeches outside the Palace. The main network’s mobile equipment is situated in the Palace in order to get their viewpoint as their top story.

For regional networks, assuming they have the money, the skill and the maintenance, they can do that but done sparingly. CLTV-36, for one, used live OB vans during the main Giant Lantern Festival competition (Ligligan Parul) every December.

However, there are outside broadcasts that are NOT in the proper place. One of such newscasts is the State of the Nation with Jessica Soho on GMA News TV.

During a news item, Soho (or two substitute anchors) signaled an on the spot report “live from Quezon City” (possibly near GMA Network Center) and not in or near the concerned vicinity. However, most of you would primarily digress that concerned government offices are closed and its parking has limitations for media personnel to stay.

That being said, so the next time when you watch the news, let us set aside the time to salute the staff behind the roaming and rolling of the cameras far from their workplaces with their unsung and hidden acts for the enormous and dynamic impact that contributes the country’s journalism.

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